Our record on India wouldn’t have been entire without a feature on agarwood. The importance of agarwood in India goes lower back centuries, as it has lengthy performed an essential position in religious rituals. What’s more, India was the world’s primary manufacturer and provider of agarwood till the cease of the 1990s (more recently, Cambodia has emerge as the primary dealer).
Agarwood comes from the Aquilaria tree. This evergreen tree is mostly determined in Northeast India, Bangladesh and Southeast Asia. In total, there are a dozen distinct species of Aquilaria, a number of which could develop up to 40m tall inside the wild. In its natural state, the timber of the Aquilaria is light brown and odourless. The wooden receives its dark coloration and its one-of-a-kind heady scent after being inflamed by a particular sort of mould referred to as phialophora parasitica. In response to this infection, the tree produces a dark, scented resin referred to as aloes or agar. The term oud (or oudh) can discuss with both the crucial oil extracted from the heartwood of the agarwood and the resin-saturated timber itself.
Agarwood comes from the Aquilaria tree. This evergreen tree is mostly located in Northeast India, Bangladesh and Southeast Asia. In total, there are a dozen exceptional species of Aquilaria, some of that could grow as much as 40m tall within the wild. In its herbal state, the wooden of the Aquilaria is mild brown and odourless. The wood receives its dark shade and its specific scent after being inflamed by a specific type of mould called phialophora parasitica. In response to this infection, the tree produces a dark, scented resin called aloes or agar. The term oud (or oudh) can refer to both the critical oil extracted from the heartwood of the agarwood and the resin-saturated wood itself.
Oud is one of the most pricey raw materials utilized in perfumery, costing as much as US$30,000 in keeping with kilo. The main motive why it’s far so pricey is its scarcity. Not only has the International Union for Conservation of Nature classified the Aquilaria species as significantly endangered (its population has declined by greater than 80% during the last 150 years), estimates also advocate that much less than 10% of wild agar trees without a doubt produce agar. This is why major producers of oud, which include Ajmal in India, which we had the hazard to visit ultimate October, have their own agarwood plantation.
Oud is mostly utilized in oriental perfumery, but is becoming greater and more famous in French perfumery as well. At Iberchem, oud is a extremely good source of idea for senior perfumer Maria-Ángeles Santiago, who specialises in oriental fragrances. “Oud has this wealthy and animalic fragrance that makes it unique,” says Maria-Ángeles. “When you figure with oud, there’s no need to feature an array of substances to make the fragrance experience complete. Oud on its very own gives subtleties and nuances to it.”