Agarwood, aloeswood, eaglewood, or gharuwood is a aromatic darkish resinous wooden utilized in incense, perfume, and small carvings. It is formed in the heartwood of aquilaria bushes whilst they come to be inflamed with a kind of mold (Phialophora parasitica). Prior to contamination, the heartwood is odourless, relatively light and light coloured; however, as the infection progresses, the tree produces a dark fragrant resin, called aloes (now not to be pressured with Aloe ferox, the succulent known as bitter aloes) or agar (not to be confused with the edible, algae-derived agar) as well as gaharu, jinko, oud, or oodh (no longer to be pressured with bukhoor), in reaction to the attack, which ends in a very dense, darkish, resin-embedded heartwood. The resin-embedded timber is valued in Biblical Jewish perfumery and Arabic-Middle Eastern lifestyle for its distinctive fragrance, and as a consequence is used for incense and perfumes. The aromatic traits of agarwood are influenced by using the species, geographic location, its branch, trunk and root origin, period of time since infection, and strategies of harvesting and processing.
Uninfected aquilaria wood lacking the dark resin
One of the primary reasons for the relative rarity and high price of agarwood is the depletion of the wild resource. Since 1995, Aquilaria malaccensis, the primary source, has been indexed in Appendix II (probably threatened species) by using the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. In 2004, all Aquilaria species had been indexed in Appendix II; however, a number of nations have exquisite reservations concerning that listing.